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Different Types of Rubber and Rubber Products There are chemicals involved in rubber processing like sulphur, zinc oxide, TMT, titanium, MBTS, minerals like calcium carbonate, carbon, processing oil called RPO or Rubber Processing Oil. In processing rubber, all these materials are mixed together using rubber processing machinery which include ban-bury mixture, kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extrude machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure, and cooling conditioner. The natural and synthetic rubber are the two types of rubber products. Natural rubber is derived from the rubber tree. The latex, which is the milk type of material leaking from the rubber tree, is processed for application. Petroleum is the main ingredient of synthetic rubber. This is manufactured using content derived from crude oil and with the addition of certain chemicals by means of industrial application. There are many varieties of synthetic rubber available in the market. Chloroprene (or Neoprene), Silicone, EPDM, Fluoro-elastomer, nitrile, hypalon, and butyl are the varieties of synthetic rubber that you can find. Applications and specifications of these grades differ from each other.
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The characteristics of Neoprene is that they are resistant to oil, acid, alkali, hydrocarbons, and heat.
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Silicone can stand very high temperatures. This material can bear up to 250 degrees Celcius. The type of rubber resistant to weather, temperature, aging, and radiation is EPDM. EPDM rubber prevents water or liquid to pass through and this is the reason why it is widely used in waterproof roofing, canal and ponds lining. Nitrile or NBR sheets are used as gaskets for packing purposes since they are permeable to gases. A type of rubber resistant to a wide range of oils and solvents is niton or fluoro-elastomer. This type of rubber exhibits good abrasion and is tear resistant. It is also able to bear high temperatures. The demand for rubber has been increasing over the past few years. This is because of the revolution in the automobile sector. Tires are basic to any automobile. Tires are responsible for the increasing prices of natural and synthetic rubber. In the entire rubber production in the world, the tire industry consumer 80 percent of it. We can find other major rubber products in the market. Industrial rubber sheets are used in a variety of applications like gaskets, packing, electrical insulation and matting purposes. The combination of natural and synthetic rubber are now being used to manufacture rubber sheets which come in colors like green, red, blue, and blue. For industrial purposes, the black color if preferred. There are different raw materials used in rubber sheet manufacturing depending on the bases of application. Silicone is used for heat resistance, neoprene for acid and heat resistance, and other materials for other applications. There are many other products from rubber aside from industrial rubber sheets, and these include hoses, mats, tires, condoms, medical equipment, oil seals, gaskets, yoga mats, conveyor belts, footwear, printing rollers, electrical insulation mats, and more.